• Relative Pronouns
  • MMD
  • 30.06.2020
  • Weiterbildung
  • Englisch
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MMD

Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns operate as redundancy for subjects or objects which are referred to in a relative clause. The most accepted ones are: who, whom, which, that and whose.

who

  • can only be used for people
  • used in questions: which people or group, i.e. Who told you that?
  • points out which person or group is being referred to, i.e This is the girl who wanted to see you.
  • used to add further information

whom

  • used as the object form of who,

       i.e. The student to whom I was

       openminded is a scientist now.

  • only in very formal writing

If you like to be old-fashion formal, use "whom" in writing and formal styles to refer to the person, when the person is the object.

whose

  • 'whose' has a possessive meaning, belongs to who, i.e. Whose book is this? I wonder whose book that is.
  • Preposition + whose as a complement is more formal, i.e. Elisabeth Purple, with whose colleague she used to teach, immigrated to Slovakia.    

which

  • replaces the subject, only for things, not people
  • refers to objects, can be left out with no Change in meaning
  • object + preposition, i.e. the place at which she arrived
  • add information, i.e. The class, which was well prepared, was a success.

That vs. Which

That does NOT like commas.
Which is bad with people.

that

  • used for subjects: which are things and animals
  • can be used for a person, who has a superlative complement, i.e. best answer , greatest solution, smallest bit of information  
  • can be left out, when it represents an object

Create your own 'quick'n'dirty'- rule to all relative pronouns, which are mentioned.
  • Use the boxes with the bookmarks for your notes.
MMD
1
Complete the sentences by using relative pronouns and underline the words which are referred to.
All Children … the students asked were eager to give an interview.
  • that
  • who
  • which
  • whom
Marry met somebody last night … did the linguistic exam two years after Jim.
  • which
  • that
  • whom
  • who
She destroyed the photocollage, … upset me.
  • that
  • which
  • whom
  • who
You need to pick the present … has red dots.
  • who
  • that
  • which
  • whose
The postman asked Steff about Mr. Miller … address he wanted to find.
  • whose
  • whom
  • which
  • that
The WM- final was the best game of soccer … I have ever seen.
  • which
  • who
  • whose
  • that
They had three Children, all of … went to university.
  • who
  • which
  • whose
  • whom
Where is Mrs. Motivation … is trying to convince me to study.
  • who
  • that
  • whom
  • which
2
Game Time: Have you heard of…?
  • Pair-up and hide your treasure (3 squares horizontal, vertical or diagonal) in your chart.
  • Your partner has the same chart, now try to locate the treasure of your partner,
    by using relative pronouns.
    e.g. "Have you heard of a teacher who does funny games?
    Direct hit: Mrs. Daddle is a teacher who does funny games.
    Missed: No I have not heard of …
  • Who found the treasure first?
    Have fun!

A

B

C

D

1

... a fish lives in an anemone?
Nemo

... a stone only consitst out of carbon?
Diamond

... an animal finds water on three legs?
elephant

... a tree leafs are needles?

pine

2

… a nation built geometrical memorials?
Egypt

... a city is famous for salt?

Lüneburg

... a prince just got married?

Prince Harry

... an ocean in you can float ?
Dead Sea

3

... a fruit should keep the doctor away?
apple

... a dog tonge is blue?
Chow-Chow

... a country president uses only 140 letter messages?

Trump

... a fairy tale character grandma turns into a wolf?
Red Riding Hood

4

... a student shall be a know-it-all?

Hermione

... a pedagogy in children can dance there names?
Waldorf

... a girl friends are a horse and a monkey?

Pippi Longstocking

... a vegetable the Germans go crazy about?
Asparagus

Let's find the treasure!