• Comma Rules
  • marei
  • 30.06.2020
  • Allgemeine Hochschulreife, Berufsschulabschluss, Mittlere Reife, Volkshochschulkurs
  • Englisch
  • 8, 9, 11, 12, 13
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Comma Rules
comma

a symbol, used in writing to separate parts of a sentence showing a slight pause, or to separate the single things in a list

1. Use a comma to separate independent clauses

- You should use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) when it connects two complete ideas (independent clauses).


example:

1. Mary and I went to the pet shop, and she bought two dogs.

2. I need to do my homework, but I also have to wash the dishes.


- If the second grouping of words isn’t a complete thought (-> if you do not have a subject and a verb in both clauses), do not use a comma.

example:

3. You could go to the gym and afterwards to the party.

4. He tried to eat a cockroach but could not do it.

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1
Now it is your turn! Insert the commas at the right place.
  • Jeffrey lost his keys so he could not get into his house.
  • Her best friend freaked out and she was not able to calm her down.
  • My boyfriend wants to travel the world but I would rather stay at home.
  • I enjoy sitting in the garden and reading.

2. Use a comma to set off nonrestrictive clauses


- You should use a comma to enclose clauses which are not essential to the meaning of a sentence. These nonessential clauses are called nonrestrictive. Clauses which are essential are called restrictive.

example:

1. My brother, who is a very lazy boy, watches television all day.


2. The puppy, which is very cute, sleeps a lot.

3. The girl who holds the basketball is my best friend.

2
Your turn again! Please insert the commas at the right place.
  • The astronaut who first stepped on the moon was Neil Armstrong
  • My mum who is the loveliest person I know is angry at the moment.
  • The horse which is black is a very furious one.
  • The favourite colour of Anton who is my best friend is blue.