• American Independance and California
  • jacmoun
  • 31.08.2023
  • Englisch
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1760 - 1774 - 1775 - 1776 - 1783 - 1821 - 1846 - 1850

The Amer­ican in­de­pend­ence move­ment, cul­min­at­ing in the De­clar­a­tion of In­de­pend­ence on July 4, , marked the birth of the United States as a sov­er­eign na­tion. The roots of this move­ment can be traced back to the s when Brit­ish co­lo­nial policies, in­clud­ing heavy tax­a­tion without rep­res­ent­a­tion, stirred dis­con­tent among the Amer­ican col­on­ists.

The Con­tin­ental Con­gress, rep­res­ent­ing the thir­teen colon­ies, con­vened in Phil­adelphia to dis­cuss their griev­ances and de­vise a plan for as­sert­ing their rights. In , del­eg­ates from these colon­ies met at the First Con­tin­ental Con­gress, where they pro­tested Brit­ish ac­tions and called for a boy­cott of Brit­ish goods. Ten­sions es­cal­ated, lead­ing to the out­break of the Amer­ican Re­volu­tion­ary War in .

Cali­for­nia, al­though not a cent­ral player in the early stages of the in­de­pend­ence move­ment, had its role in later de­vel­op­ments. The Span­ish had es­tab­lished set­tle­ments in Cali­for­nia in the 18th cen­tury, and these areas re­mained under Span­ish con­trol. While the focus of the Re­volu­tion­ary War was on the east­ern colon­ies, the idea of in­de­pend­ence and self-​governance had a ripple ef­fect.

After the Treaty of Paris was signed in , of­fi­cially re­cog­niz­ing the in­de­pend­ence of the United States, the west­ern ter­rit­or­ies, in­clud­ing Cali­for­nia, ex­per­i­enced a shift­ing of powers. In , Mex­ico gained in­de­pend­ence from Spain and took con­trol of Cali­for­nia. This Mex­ican rule set the stage for the Mexican-​American War in the 1840s, dur­ing which Cali­for­nia came under Amer­ican con­trol.

The Bear Flag Re­volt of , driven by Amer­ican set­tlers in Cali­for­nia, res­ul­ted in the brief es­tab­lish­ment of the Cali­for­nia Re­pub­lic, a pre­cursor to state­hood. The dis­cov­ery of gold in 1848 fur­ther spurred mi­gra­tion to the re­gion, and Cali­for­nia's rapid growth led to its ad­mis­sion as the 31st state of the United States in .

In sum­mary, while Cali­for­nia did not play a prom­in­ent role in the ini­tial stages of the Amer­ican in­de­pend­ence move­ment, its later in­cor­por­a­tion into the United States and its unique his­tor­ical tra­ject­ory, in­clud­ing Span­ish and Mex­ican in­flu­ences, shaped its place within the broader nar­rat­ive of Amer­ican his­tory.