• Cheerleading in the USA
  • Jäger
  • 27.03.2023
  • Englisch
  • 8
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Cheer­lea­ding in the US High Schools

Cheer­lea­ding from the Eng­lish words cheer and lea­ding has long been a tra­di­ti­on in the United Sta­tes to sup­port your fa­vo­ri­te sports team. The his­to­ri­cal roots of cheer­lea­ding carry us to the very be­gin­ning of the emer­gence of the most team sport in the United Sta­tes, in par­ti­cu­lar, of Ame­ri­can foot­ball.

The date of cheer­lea­ding ori­gi­na­ting is No­vem­ber 2, 1898. It star­ted with a case of sup­por­ting a foot­ball team with a group of fans from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Min­ne­so­ta du­ring an Ame­ri­can foot­ball match with a team of Northwes­tern Uni­ver­si­ty; that day Min­ne­so­ta won. Of cour­se, cases of fans sup­port for the team have been ob­ser­ved be­fo­re, but this case was the first nota­ble and or­ga­ni­zed, which had a de­cis­i­ve role in the de­ve­lop­ment of cheer­lea­ding.

Soon the first sup­port group of six young peo­ple was or­ga­ni­zed. This is today most of the cheer­lea­ders – girls, but a hund­red years ago, at the dawn of cheer­lea­ding, the si­tua­ti­on was quite dif­fe­rent.

The first groups of “cheer­lea­ders” ap­peared in 1923, but they re­main­ed un­de­ve­lo­ped until the be­gin­ning of World War II when most of the young Ame­ri­cans went to the front. With the ad­vent of girls in this sport, the ar­se­nal of cheer­lea­ders ac­tions be­ca­me more di­ver­se – new mo­ve­ments and forms began to ap­pear.

Difficult words

You can always look up words you don't know in a dictionary - or guess the meaning from the context! up words you don't know in a dictionary - or guess the meaning from the context!

Cheer­lea­der code

Cheer­lea­ding is a sport in the sport. If bas­ket­ball play­ers can bully each other, push and ex­chan­ge blows, then the task of the cheer­lea­ders is just the op­po­si­te – to re­mo­ve ne­ga­ti­ve emo­ti­ons, com­mu­ni­ca­te with the au­di­ence and calm it down. A man­da­to­ry re­qui­re­ment for mem­bers of a dancing sup­port group is not to shout out anything rude or of­fen­si­ve du­ring a per­for­mance, to be al­ways poli­te, not to smoke in front of the au­di­ence, to in­cre­ase the mo­ra­le of their team. Cheer­lea­ders are also pro­hi­bi­ted from do­ping and ta­king drugs.

As a re­sult, cheer­lea­ding be­co­mes al­most one of the most po­pu­lar sports ac­ti­vi­ties in high schools. There were con­duc­ted a spe­cial sel­ec­tion of cheer­lea­ders able to con­duct mo­ve­ments ne­cessa­ry to sup­port a team.

Par­ti­ci­pan­ts and cheer­lea­ding ele­ments

  • Flyer – top floor of cheer­lea­ders;
  • Base – bot­tom floor;
  • Stan­tes – sup­port, se­ve­r­al stan­tam build py­ra­mids;
  • Che­ers and Chants – chants, in­vi­go­ra­ting the view­er or tel­ling him any in­for­ma­ti­on;
  • Toe touch –  jump, in which the ath­le­te lifts straight feet at an angle of 90 de­grees;
  • Pi­rou­et­te – a turn on one leg at 360 de­grees.

Text from: https://go­wood­bridge.com/Boos­ters/boos­ter­home.html

Pic­tu­re from: https://www.pexels.com/de-de/foto/menschen-​frauen-sport-jung-12334632/

As a group, pre­pa­re a short pre­sen­ta­ti­on about your sport.
  • Use the text to get an over­view over the topic. Then you can use the in­ter­net to re­se­arch more in­for­ma­ti­on!
  • Pre­pa­re prompt cards to help you give your pre­sen­ta­ti­on.
Prompt cards

It is not very in­te­resting for the lis­te­n­ers if you read out whole sen­ten­ces from a page.

In­s­tead, use prompt cards. On these cards you can write down key words to help you to re­mem­ber the most im­portant ideas in your pre­sen­ta­ti­on.

Write down im­portant dates, peo­ple, events, rules or in­te­resting parts under the hea­dings:

What / Who / Where / When / Why