• Future Tenses - Will vs. Going to
  • lkallan
  • 30.06.2020
  • Englisch
  • C1
Um die Lizenzinformationen zu sehen, klicken Sie bitte den gewünschten Inhalt an.
Will vs. Going to Fu­ture

The con­cepts of will and going to fu­ture can be very con­fu­sing.

They both refer to events in the fu­ture and are often in­ter­ch­an­gab­le with no dif­fe­rence in me­a­ning.

There are some rules as to when use which form.

Eng­lish: Gram­ma­ti­cal Ten­ses/Rob­bie Muf­fin

Let's first look at how both ten­ses are crea­ted:

For­ma­ti­on

will fu­ture: will/will not (won't) + verb

Ex­am­ple: He will swim. He will not/won't swim





going to fu­ture: be (am/is/are) + (not) going to + verb

Ex­am­ple: He is going to swim. He is not/isn't going to swim.

Now, let's see when to use will and when to use going to fu­ture:

Usage

WILL

Rapid De­cis­i­on:

I'm hun­gry. I will buy a sand­which.

Offer:

That looks dif­fi­cu­lt. I will help you.

Pro­mi­se:

Don't worry, I won't tell an­yo­ne your se­cret.

Thre­at:

I will tell mom if you don't stop!

Re­fu­sal:

They will not lis­ten to anything I say.

My car won't start.

GOING TO

Prior Plan - The de­cis­i­on was made be­fo­re:

I'm going to the lake next week.

Evi­dence/Signs - It's very li­kely to hap­pen:

My sto­mach hurts, I am going to throw up.

It's 7:1. They are going to win.

Very near fu­ture - So­me­thing is about to hap­pen:

The bomb is going to ex­plo­de!

WILL or GOING TO

Pre­dic­tions:

I think it will rain to­mor­row. = I think it is going to rain to­mor­row.

Will vs. Going to Fu­ture

Fi­nal­ly, put your new know­ledge to use! :-)

Exer­cise

1
For each of the 9 pre­mi­ses below, come up with your own fit­ting sen­tence (or ques­ti­on) de­ci­ding on using eit­her will or going to fu­ture!



2. Pre­dic­tions

6. Evi­dence/Signs

9. Thre­at

5. Offer

8. Pro­mi­se

7. Prior Plan

4. Re­fu­sal

3. Rapid De­cis­i­on

1. Very near fu­ture

Try not loo­king at the table until you are done!

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

x