• How to write an Essay - Argumentative Essay
  • EdaYig
  • 07.12.2023
  • Englisch
  • 11
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An argumentative essay presents a controversial topic from opposing points of view in a clear and logical way. Typical tasks will ask you to discuss, assess or evaluate a topic or statement.

  • Collect ideas and information about the topic; note arguments for and against it. Use mind maps or lists.
  • Make an outline of what you are going to write and in which order. For the body of your essay choose a logical structure which fits the topic/task best:
    Dialectical approach:
    - Present all of the negative points first, then the positive or alternate between arguments and counter-arguments for each aspect.
    - Arrange points, e.g. from weakest to strongest.
    Other approaches:
    - chronological order
    - comparative: deal with similarities first, then differences
    - enumerative ('list' form): neutral sequence of paragraphs

Decide if you want to persuade the reader to agree with you or if you want to remain neutral.

  • Introduction
    Present the issue and attract the reader's attention, for example using background facts about the problem and its relevance today; a suitable quotation or short anecdote or question(s) that you will give answers to in the essav.
  • Body
    Based on your outline, present each point in a separate paragraph.Support your points with evidence (examples, statistics, personal experience etc.).
  • Conclusion
    Give a short summary of what you have written, but do not introduce any new ideas here. You may: give an outlook on further consequences, future developments, possible solutions; state your own opinion, give a recommendation or appeal to the readers to reach their own conclusion.
Useful Phrases:

Presenting aspects and examples

- It is a ... rather than a ... problem or issue.

- ... should also be considered or mentioned.

- ... is relevant/ or completely irrelevant to ...

- There are various reasons why...

- This also raises questions about...

- Some researchers say... or Studies show...

Talking about developments and results

- …can or will lead to...

- The main (short-term, long-term) consequences are ...


- In other words,.. Therefore,... Consequently,... As a result, people should (might)...

- And here's what really (matters, happens, is at stake): ...