When do we use it?
- Used when the receiver of the action is more important then the doer of the action
- Used when the doer of the action is unknown or we do not want the doer to be known
- Used when it is obvious who the doer is and it does not need to be mentioned
- Used when the doer is irrelevant
- Used when writing for certain genres, such as science reports or academic journals
Transformation from active sentences to passive:
In active sentences the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action.
In passive sentences the receiver ofthe action occurs in the subject position and the doer moves to a sometimes optional by-phrase in the object position
will be written
In the active sentence above, the letter is the receiver of the action. In the passive the letter is now the subject of the sentence.
Sarah in the active sentence is the doer of the verb. In the passive sentence Sarah becomes the object of the preposition 'by'.
Active: Subject + will/shall +first form of the verb + object
Passive: Object of the active sentence+ will/shall + be + past participle form of the verb (+ by + subject of the active sentence)
Generally, only sentences that contain a transitive verb can be made passive as these always have an object which is needed when constructing a sentence in the passive voice.
It therefore follows that intransitive verbs (e.g. come, walk) which do not have an object cannot be written in the passive. This also applies to measure verbs (e.g. cost, weigh).
Hannah will come to the meeting ->
The meeting will be come to Hannah
The ring will cost a lot of money ->
A lot of money will cost by this ring
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