• Passive Voice
  • anonym
  • 25.06.2018
  • Englisch
Um die Lizenzinformationen zu sehen, klicken Sie bitte den gewünschten Inhalt an.
  • Simple Future Passive

    When do we use it?
    - Used when the receiver of the action is more important then the doer of the action
    - Used when the doer of the action is unknown or we do not want the doer to be known
    - Used when it is obvious who the doer is and it does not need to be mentioned
    - Used when the doer is irrelevant
    - Used when writing for certain genres, such as science reports or academic journals

    Transformation from active sentences to passive:

    In active sentences the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action.

    In passive sentences the receiver ofthe action occurs in the subject position and the doer moves to a sometimes optional by-phrase in the object position

    Voice

    Subject

    Verb

    Object

    Active

    Sarah

    will write

    a letter

    Passive

    A letter

    will be written

    by Sarah

    In the active sentence above, the letter is the receiver of the action. In the passive the letter is now the subject of the sentence.

    Sarah in the active sentence is the doer of the verb. In the passive sentence Sarah becomes the object of the preposition 'by'.

    Short:
    Active: Subject + will/shall +first form of the verb + object

    Passive: Object of the active sentence+ will/shall + be + past participle form of the verb (+ by + subject of the active sentence)

    Generally, only sentences that contain a transitive verb can be made passive as these always have an object which is needed when constructing a sentence in the passive voice.
    It therefore follows that intransitive verbs (e.g. come, walk) which do not have an object cannot be written in the passive. This also applies to measure verbs (e.g. cost, weigh).

    Example:

    Hannah will come to the meeting -> The meeting will be come to Hannah

    The ring will cost a lot of money -> A lot of money will cost by this ring

    1
    Form the active sentences into the passive:
    • Active: 'All the school girls will wear skirts for the concert.'
      Passive:
    • Active: 'Our boss will sign the contract.'
      Passive:
    • Active: 'They will start serving lunch at 1 p.m.'
      Passive:
    2
    Can these sentences be formed in the passive?
    'She will die tomorrow.'
    • Yes
    • No,

    why not?

    'The car will be expensive.'
    • Yes
    • No,

    why not?

    'The teachers will test the samples.'
    • Yes
    • No,

    why not?

    'He will earn a lot of money.'
    • Yes
    • No,

    why not?

    'This monkey will weigh a lot.'
    • Yes
    • No,

    why not?