Who needs passive at all?
Passive ist used, when
- it is either unimportant or unknown who is doing the action
- the actor is shown in the context
- the action belongs to processes that happen systematically or usually
- the speaker/writer wants to create a distance
To build a passive sentence in simple present, you have to exchange the order of subject and object, so that the former object becomes the subject and vice versa.
You also need to build the passive form of the verb by building the participle.
Active: Jim sends the letter.
Passive: The letter is sent (by Jim).
Remember: The object in the passive sentence is not always known or needed.
To build passive in simple past, you proceed in the same way and adapt the verb to the tense needed.
Active: Jim sent the letter.
Passive: The letter was sent (by Jim).
Here is a table that shows the example at a glance:
Jim sends the letter.
The letter is sent (by Jim).
Jim sent the letter.
The letter was sent (by Jim).
Task: Write a report of the of the match between Mexico and Germany at the football worls championship 2018 by transforming the sentences with the marked words into passive.
1.: Right in the beginning, Lozano from Mexico played the ball and had a good chance to score.
2.: Germany's Boateng, however, prevented his team from this very early goal for the Mexicans.
3.: Soon after, German Draxler almost placed the ball into the goal.
4.: Ochoa, the Mexican keeper, could avoid this.
5.: About twenty minutes later Lozano scored. The German keeper Neuer couln't prevent this.
6.: The performance of the German team really disappointed the German fans.
7.: The Mexican fans, however, celebrated their team.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Attention: This sentence is a bit tricky ;-)
Good luck and have fun!!
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