• Comma Rules
  • marei
  • 19.06.2018
  • Volkshochschulkurs, Allgemeine Hochschulreife, Mittlere Reife, Berufsschulabschluss
  • Englisch
  • 11, 13, 12, 9, 8
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  • Comma Rules
    comma

    a symbol, used in writing to separate parts of a sentence showing a slight pause, or to separate the single things in a list

    1. Use a comma to separate independent clauses

    - You should use a comma before a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) when it connects two complete ideas (independent clauses).


    example:

    1. Mary and I went to the pet shop, and she bought two dogs.

    2. I need to do my homework, but I also have to wash the dishes.


    - If the second grouping of words isn’t a complete thought (-> if you do not have a subject and a verb in both clauses), do not use a comma.

    example:

    3. You could go to the gym and afterwards to the party.

    4. He tried to eat a cockroach but could not do it.

    fanboys
    Bildunterschrift/Quelle

    f(or)a(nd)n(or)b(ut)o(r)y(et)s(o)

    1
    Now it is your turn! Insert the commas at the right place.
    • Jeffrey lost his keys so he could not get into his house.
    • Her best friend freaked out and she was not able to calm her down.
    • My boyfriend wants to travel the world but I would rather stay at home.
    • I enjoy sitting in the garden and reading.
  • 2. Use a comma to set off nonrestrictive clauses


    - You should use a comma to enclose clauses which are not essential to the meaning of a sentence. These nonessential clauses are called nonrestrictive. Clauses which are essential are called restrictive.

    example:

    1. My brother, who is a very lazy boy, watches television all day.


    2. The puppy, which is very cute, sleeps a lot.

    3. The girl who holds the basketball is my best friend.

    2
    Your turn again! Please insert the commas at the right place.
    • The astronaut who first stepped on the moon was Neil Armstrong
    • My mum who is the loveliest person I know is angry at the moment.
    • The horse which is black is a very furious one.
    • The favourite colour of Anton who is my best friend is blue.