Present Progressive (short-term)
1) We use the present progressive for things that are happening now.
- Jack is speaking to his dad on the phone right now.
2) and for things that are happening around now, but not perhaps at the exact moment.
- We are buying a new house at the moment.
3) and how life is slowly changing (+trends)
- Children are living at home longer these days.
Present Simple (long-term)
1) We use the present simple for facts:
- Sally speaks French and German.
- Water boils at 100° degrees.
2) and to talk about our hobbies, timetables and things we do regularly.
- We study maths on Monday morning.
- I often go swimming.
- The bus leaves at 4pm.
3) We usually use it with like, love, hate, want, know, think, understand.
- Do you like the film?
- Yes, but I don't understand the story.
often, always, every day/week/month/year, sometimes, on Tuesdays, in the morning/afternoon/evening, at 9:30 pm,...
now, this week/month/year, at the moment, these days, nowadays, still,...
We normally use the present simple for things that are long-term and the present progressive for things that are temporary or different from our normal lives.
- Every week, John writes about football. At the moment, he is writing a book on "Great American Golfers" too.
show us how often something happens. We often use adverbs of frequency with the present simple. "Do you always drive to work?"
We use adverbs of frequency:
* before the main verb "Penny never reads the paper on her way to work."
* after the auxiliary verbs be, have, do and modal verbs such as can, will, must, etc. "Frank is often at the gym in the afternoon." "You can always count on me."
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