• Comparison of Adjectives
  • Michael Kohl
  • 08.12.2019
  • Englisch
  • 2. Lehrjahr
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  • Comparison of Adjectives

    Die Steigerung der Adjektive

    In the English language there are two different ways to form the regular comparative and superlative of adjectives.

    1 Add -er / -est

    Example: clean, cleaner, cleanest

    This works for all one-syllable1 adjectives and two-syllable adjectives which end in -y / -le / -ow / -er

    Three spelling rules

    1) sad - sadder - saddest

    all one-syllable adjectives which end in consonant+vowel+consonant double the last consonant:
    hot, big, fat, wet, thin

    2) nice - nicer - nicest

    if the adjective ends in an -e which you don't speak, this -e is dropped: large, late, simple

    3) happy - happier - happiest

    if the adjective ends in consonant+y, the -y changes to -i: pretty, easy, dirty

    2 more / most

    Example: careful - more careful - most careful

    This works for all two-syllable adjectives which are not in the first category and all adjectives with more than two syllables

    3 good and bad

    Here are the two most important irregular adjectives:

    good - better - best
    bad - worse - worst

    1 syllable = Silbe